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South Sudan to retrench troops

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Daily nation (Nairobi) 14 Jan
By BADRU MULUMBA, NATION Correspondent

Southern Sudan will create a reserve military force as it reduces the
size of the main army based on tough new standards.
The reserve force would be made up of those removed from the main army
on account of, for example, scanty education and age.
The Sudan People’s Liberation Army law, approved by the Parliament of
the autonomous Sudan region, and awaiting the signature of the President
of the Government of Southern Sudan before it becomes law, also sets the
retirement age for officers.
Government officials said the law will both make the army efficient and
disciplined by laying down offences and the punishments, but they could
not give the numbers.
“The army is large and personnel have to be productively occupied,” the
minister of SPLA Affairs Nhial Deng Nhial said. Nhial would not say the
number of troops.
“Because right now especially in the officers corps we have a large
number of officers. Some of them really – we have to find something for
them to do.”
Under the proposed law, army recruits would be between 18 and 30, with
no criminal record, and with a basic education for enlisted personnel
and not less than secondary education for the officer cadets.
Officers after commissioning would serve ten years. Enlisted personnel
after basic military training would serve six years.
The period of service may be extended without exceeding the prescribed
retirement age.
Those at the ranks of private to sergeant would retire at 47 years.
General officers would retire at 60. Sergeant major to regimental
sergeant majors, and majors to colonels would retire at fifty years.
Second lieutenants and captains would retire at 52 years.
The Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the 21-year north-south
Sudan armed conflict recognised the Sudan Armed Forces, Sudan People’s
Liberation Army and the Joint/Integrated Units as the national armies.
The SAF is in charge of the north. SPLA is in charge of the south.
The law comes barely a week after complaints from legislators about
indiscipline in the army and rising crime that has swept across the
capital.
The Cabinet met last week to discuss the insecurity following both the
shooting into the air on New Year’s Day that led to five deaths, and the
general wave of crime involving knives and machetes and robberies around
Southern Sudan’s capital town, Juba.
“We discussed the general security situation,” Martin Ellia, minister
for Parliamentary Affairs said Tuesday. “We will convene again at the
end of January and discuss it in the presence of the two ministers, of
SPLA Affairs and of Internal Affairs.”
In a Parliamentary motion under debate in Parliament legislators cited a
two-year old killed by gunshots on New Year. On December 27, a man was
killed by machete. And on December 28, four thugs ambushed and sprayed a
vehicle with bullets along a road out of Juba.
At least five people were killed and a three-year old wounded by stray
bullets from the intensive random shootings by people apparently
celebrating Independence Day.
“We want to have a south which is run, and run in a way that everybody
is subject to the law, so that the rule of law prevails,” said Wani
Igga, Speaker of the Southern Sudan Parliament, and deputy chairperson
of Southern Sudan’s ruling party, the Sudan People’s Liberation
Movement.

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Written by torit1955

January 15, 2009 at 9:29 am

Human rights bill passes in South Sudan legislature

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By Isaac Vuni

January 13, 2009 (JUBA) – The South Sudan Legislative Assembly today passed the Human Rights Bill following yesterday’s unexpected adjournment.

JPEG - 16.4 kb

Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly (Photoc SSLA)


Hon. Caesar Bayeh Loyalala attempted to revise the original text, which he considered in favour of government, arguing that the Human Rights and Anticorruption Commissions including auditor general chamber have extra judiciary power.

Contributing to a heated debate on the bill, Hon. Mohamed El Hag said it was overdue as daily rampant killings, particularly in Juba city, amount to violations of human rights.

Hon. Peter Bashir observed that the human rights record in Sudan had been and is still very poor even though SPLM appointed an independent commission in June 2007.

Another legislator, Hon. Jimmy Wongo, suggested consolidating 19 commissions that are duplicating duties in southern Sudan. He urges southerners to be proud because human rights and anti-corruption commissions do not exist in the Islamic-led Khartoum government.

Hon. David William Tut suggested that those nominated as commissioners should be properly scrutinized and be non-partisan people.

Hon. Wall Deng Ajak observed that men and women were slaughtered in southern Sudan’s hospitals and opposed reducing the status of the commission to state minister.

Then Hon. Deng Kual said the worst violators of human rights in Southern Sudan are top political leaders in any given location.

The Minister of Parliamentary Affairs Dr. Martin Lomuro emphasized that some states like Central and Eastern Equatoria have acted in disrespect to laws passed by the august house.

Meanwhile Hon. Loluke explained that Human Rights and Anticorruption commissions have not been working properly for the last two years in Eastern Equatoria as Governor Ojetuk manipulate and denied medical treatment to people deliberately being detained by his authority.

Loluke added that effective operational commissions in south Sudan are led by women, and wondered at the 17 men leading the commission.

There were 83 MPs present plus five absent with permission totaling 88 legislators for quorum, and the bill was passed for the third and final reading at 1:15 p.m.

(ST)

Written by torit1955

January 14, 2009 at 12:06 pm

Posted in Human Rights Issues

Tagged with , , ,

Prospects on Sudan’s General Elections 2009

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Juba- December 11th 2008
SPLA is National Army of Southern Sudan, says Dr. Martin
By Isaac Vuni

The Sudan Peoples Liberation Army (SPLA) is a national Amy to protect Southern Sudan as from border of 1/1/1956 including Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) that ended 21 years of destructive civil war between northern and southern Sudanese through political negotiation on 9th January 2005.

Contributing on Sudan’s National Election Act of 2008 debate organized by Association of Inter Media (AIM) today afternoon, minister of Goss Parliamentary Affairs, Dr. Martin Elias said Southern Sudan politicians advocating for war than peace should be voted out in the coming national election because such leaders are not interested seeing southerners living in peace.

Dr. Martin who is also the chairman of Southern Sudan Democratic Forum Party warn leaders who want to click on power to know that there are nine  political parties ready to takes leadership of Southern Sudan through a participatory election scheduled for next year.

Adding that southerners are literate on what choices to make but needed adequate educative information for making change during the coming national election than  electing illiterate sons and daughters of chiefs.

He emphasized that cardinal issue for Goss government would be to allow free expression of ideas during election campaign by providing clear guidelines to voters and contestants.

Dr. Martin says it will be nice to fund registered and recognized political parties either by governments or donors but does not advocate for many parties funding so that electoral violence like in Kenya is minimize in the process of power transfer.

If you squander the coming referendum opportunity that will be concurrently conducted with Abyie people, southern leaders will be destroying future of Southern Sudanese and its children, he warns.

Responding to question whether the election will be free and fairs, Dr. Richard Mulla member of public account committee of Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly (SSLA) said it would be very difficult to tell but Presidential candidate must be seconded by 15,000 registered voters in 18 states of Sudan.

However, Dr. Mulla acknowledged that  maintenance of 450 Seats of national assembly was agreed by all parties but that the 170 seats of SSLA  fate remains unclear including people holding dual-citizenship right  to vote or not.

He said the coming election would be of mixed types because geographical demarcated have not yet been done while  60% already allotted to ruling party,  25%  for women and  reaming goes to other contesting political parties.

He reminded audience that when Sudan became independent in January 1956, northern parliamentary political elite’s claimed that Southerners have agreed for a united Sudan through voting conducted on 19th December 1955.

This time round, he said, a presidential candidate must prove popular by getting at least 15,000 support from cross section of Sudanese in 18 states while 170 seat of SSLA remain unknown. Strangely electoral laws of 2009 was received two weeks ago yet to be distributed.

Earlier David Dau, Chief Executive officer of AIM complaint that many southern Sudanese do not have copy of 2009 election law since it was passed by national assembly in Kharoum.

In attendance was Dr Julia Aker Duwnya Undersecretary of Goss Parliamentary Affairs
Ends

Written by torit1955

December 13, 2008 at 11:59 am