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Archive for October 2008

Juba Post Report:The Fashon Poilce Crack down Story

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South Sudan presidency interferes into state’s affairs

JUBA, (9 Oct) – The government of South Sudan presidency into a state’s county local order aimed to maintain discipline and respect in the town and ordered immediate release of girls who are still under state’s police custody.

The Minister in the Office of the President confirmed that Government of Southern Sudan (GOSS) President Salva Kiir had ordered the immediate release of any women still remaining in custody following a series of arrests in Juba over the last two days.
Minister Dr. Luka Biong Deng stated that the controversial police action had originated at the local level, within Central Equatoria State, and that the State bore the responsibility for it.
He further said that the President of the government of South Sudan had ordered a “serious investigation” into the incident, and specifically into how County Local Order no. 4/2008 had come to be issued. This Order, issued by the Commisioner of Juba County, was claimed by the arresting police officers to be the authority for their actions; the legality of the Order has subsequently been widely questioned.
GOSS Minister of the Interior, Paul Mayom Akec is reported to be heading the GOSS investigation into the matter while by passing the State’s government Major General Clement Wani Konga of Central Equatoria who is the head of the security.
The ommissioer of Juba County, Albert Pitia Redentore, last Thursday issued a County local order, number four in his office to arrest all ‘Niggers’ in the County, “I Albert Pitia Redentore, Commissioner of Juba County, hereby issue the following local order,” he said. The commissioner Albert Pitia made the order according to him to avoid the intrusion of other cultures, “Banning all bad behaviors, activities and imported illicit cultures of what is now known as ‘Niggers’ in Juba County,” Pitia ordered He wrote in the media circular that the breaker of his order will heavily pay, “Defaulters shall be sentenced to three months in imprisonment,”
so “Whoever defies the order for the second time shall be fined 600 SDG and imprisonment for three months,” wrote Commissioner Redentore.
According to the commissioner he is exercising the powers conferred upon him and following section 7 (10) of local government act 2003, on social and cultural affairs. Pitia said the order is to preserve the cultural values, dignity and achievements of the people of Southern Sudan, checking out the intrusion of foreign cultures in to the societies for the sake of bringing up good generation.
However, the local orders of the County when applied on Sunday, many girls became victims of the circumstance. Nuk Duany an eye witness said she show beating and harassment of many girls by the police, “I saw one of the girls being hit and thrown into a truck like an animal, by the police,” said Duany
She said that there were over thirty girls in the truck which drove towards Juba, the girls were in trousers and some of the girl came out from prayers when they were arrested around Juba Teaching Hospital near St. Joseph.
The Minister for Gender, Social welfare and religious Affair, government of Southern Sudan, Mary Kiden Kimbo, in a press conference held shortly after many girls run to her office for cover said the orders which targets the girl child are totally abusive to the CPA and the Interim Constitution of Southern Sudan, “Eight young girls run to my office seeking for refugee and told me that there is random girls’ arrest and beating on the road,” “We need these police to immediately stop the beating up of the girls along the road,” Mary requested
The Minister warned of the old days when the Sharia laws were passed, where women were degraded, stripped, and beaten without a ward, “If it was an order from the commissioner, so the women have become the soft target after failing to get Niggers? Where is the peace dividend of these girls?” She asked. “No body deserves to be beaten; there is freedom of torture in the bill of rights”.
According to Kiden the Ministry of Gender, Social welfare and religious Affair “What is the definition of a ‘Nigger’ she would like to know how those girls qualify to become ‘niggers’ as they peruse the law to take its course.
It is reported that Director General of Gender and Child Welfare, Director responsible for Gender-Based Violence, human rights commission, and the chairperson for women Union Central in Equatoria State, have all begun to investigate the issue.
The commissioner had issued a local order known as local order three on, the opening and closer of bars in the County. The order demanded that all bars and alcoholic drinking places in the town shall be opened at 5:00 pm and closed at 10:00 pm. Failure to do so a three months imprisonment and a fine of 500 SDG shall be imposed and for the second time defilement of the order will cost 600 SDG and three months imprisonment. However these orders were neither implemented nor followed up.
Numerous reports were received of young women being picked up by police officers and taken in the back of pickup trucks to a ‘Public Order Court’ in the Malakia / Konyo Konyo Market district of Juba. Eyewitnesses described many women later leaving the premises in bloodstained clothing, showing what appeared to be clear signs of beating.
The women detained are all reportedly young. Contrary to suggestions that the action was part of a crackdown on foreign national sex-workers, at least large proportions were reported to be Sudanese nationals. Some were said to be returning home from Church at the time of arrest and at least one described being forcibly detained whilst bathing her baby, putting the infant at risk of drowning.
When asked to explain this treatment, police officers on the scene said the reason was that the women were wearing trousers. Pressed further, they produced a County Local Order which they said constituted their authority to act.
Reports from Director General of Gender and Child Welfare and the Director responsible for Gender-Based Violence, who have begun their investigation of the issue, indicated that she was able to produce copies of the order for the media. According to many women, the move is seen in some circles as an attempt to re-impose Sharia Law by stealth.
The subject of the Order is: ‘Banning of “Niggers” Behaviors and Activities in the Town’. ‘Nigger’ is the perhaps unfortunate term being used by older generations in Juba to describe a section of Sudanese youth, who had adopted loosely Urban American/Jamaican modes of dress and behavior. The term is negative, as the group has been associated with criminal actions. The Order is vague as to exactly what behaviors are being banned

Written by torit1955

October 12, 2008 at 4:45 pm

Posted in Uncategorized

South Sudan passes long-awaited Anti-Corruption Bill, 2008

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South Sudan passes long-awaited Anti-Corruption Bill, 2008
By James Gatdet Dak

October 10, 2008 (JUBA) – The Government of Southern Sudan (GoSS)’ Council of Ministers has finally passed the long-awaited Anti-Corruption Bill, 2008, and upgraded the status of the Southern Sudan Anti-Corruption Commission’s chairperson to that of a GoSS Minister with the accompanying privileges and entitlements.

The Bill, which is the first of its kind in the semi-autonomous Government, would now be tabled before the parliament for endorsement and becomes the law that would legally guide the sensitive work of the Anti-Corruption Commission.

The Commission could not carry out investigations into alleged corrupt practices in the Government for the last three years since formation due to lack of enacted laws that would give it legal powers to do so.

Thousands of alleged corruption cases pending investigations have accumulated over the years, with more than 1,400 cases in the year 2008 alone, according to the Commission’s chairperson, Dr. Pauline Riak.

In the meeting chaired by the GoSS President, Salva Kiir Mayardit, the Council of Ministers also resolved to improve the security of the Commission’s Chairperson by providing more protection.

It also upgraded the status of the Deputy Chairperson to Undersecretary and all other President’s appointed members of the Commission to a uniformed status of Director-General of a GoSS Ministry.

The cabinet also passed the Human Rights Bill, 2008, both of which were presented to the Council by the GoSS Minister of Legal Affairs and Constitutional Development, Justice Michael Makuei Lueth.

The cabinet also upgraded the status of the Chairperson of the Southern Sudan Human Rights Commission to a full Minister.
President Kiir has declared zero-tolerance on corruption in his Government since the year 2006, and has been publicly warning against those who practice corruption in all its forms.

In his closing remarks during the 6th Governors Forum last week, Kiir said his Government’s hands were tied down because of lack of enacted laws on corruption.

If the Bill is enacted sooner into law by the Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly (SSLA), the law would equip the Commission with the necessary legal powers to chase and catch alleged corrupt officials for investigations and possible prosecutions.

Written by torit1955

October 12, 2008 at 1:08 pm

Sudan official undone by tight trouser crackdown

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Sudan official undone by tight trouser crackdown

Sat 11 Oct 2008, 9:45 GMT

JUBA, Sudan, Oct 11 (Reuters Life!) – A senior official in South Sudan who ordered a crackdown on young women wearing tight trousers has been sacked, officials said on Saturday.

Police arrested scores of women — many on their way home from church — in the capital Juba last week on charges of disturbing the peace. Officers said their choice of clothing proved they belonged to youth gangs.

Police acted after Juba county commissioner Albert Pitia Redentore banned any public display of gang behaviour that, he said, threatened traditional values.

A government statement said Redentore was removed form office by President Salva Kiir on Friday.

Gender minister Mary Kiden said the crackdown was unconstitutional and reminded her of the restrictions on women’s dress enforced in the Muslim north of the country.

South Sudan fought the north in a two-decade war that was partly fuelled by resistance to the north’s Islamic Sharia law.

(Reporting by Skye Wheeler; Editing by Andrew Heavens and Angus MacSwan)

Written by torit1955

October 12, 2008 at 11:33 am

Posted in Uncategorized

Poverty Reduction? A long Way to Go for Sudan

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By Alesio Clement Pwong

Poverty Reduction? A Long Way to Go for Sudan

By Alesio Clement Pwong

Poverty Reduction, a Long Way to Go for Sudan

struggle-with-poverty-in-south-sudan_18847
Apart from clashing with the simmering internal political tensions and pleasures contentious issues such as Dar Fur crisis, sharing of oil and non-oil revenues between Khartoum and the semi-autonomous Southern Sudan, prices of basic communities shot up to about 200%.

The government in its early days in 1989, had promised bring peace in the war-torn Sudan; reduce the growing gaps between the poor and rich; enlarge access to social services such as health care, education, water and shelter; and invest in developing agriculture and non-agricultural sectors is either unable to answer why prices of goods and services are no longer affordable, or are giving unsatisfactory answers.

Revenue from oil export has increased tremendously in the last 2-3 years, following the ending of the North-South war in January 2005; but this increase did not translate into any change in the budget priorities of the government in Khartoum, neither in the South which is struggling to recover from years of devastating wars. This year, the central government, otherwise known as Government of National Unity, set aside US $ billion as its 2008 budget, about 17 times more than 1989 budget allocated by the government it deposed that same year.

But the government of national unity did not change its priorities even after the signing of the peace deal three years ago. Budget allocations in the last three years followed the war time patterns. For instance this year, budget allocation was as follows: 78% for security,defense, police, and sovereignty sector i.e under the discretion of the president. This huge lump sum of public resources are not liable to public audit by the Auditor General.

17% went to meet the wage bill of all state institutions and social services; only 5% is set aside for dept repayments (Sudan is currently US$30.1 billion in dept).

Government of the semi-autonomous South Sudan followed the trend, in spite of its general policies which are hinged on the poverty reduction,sold to it by the World Bank which is now controlling policy development in the South through its resident officials in Juba, the capital of South Sudan.

Over the last three years, Government of South Sudan allocated about40% of its budget to its army, Sudan People’s Liberation Army. of the remaining 60%, up to 80% spent on salaries, wages and allowances of ever-bloated public service sector,the largest employer in South Sudan. The president of the autonomous region make civil service reform as his top agenda aimed at trimming that body and reducing public expenditure etc. But is very much likely this policy agenda shall be challenged by many interests and groups.

This trend in government priorities explains part of the causes of price hikes and worsening living conditions of the majority of Sudanese. Taxation and multiple levies exacted by the government is another cause. for example, Price of Sugar, a strategic commodity in Sudan, have gone down recently at Kenana Suger Co. the largest producing most of Sugar in Sudan. But the decline in the price of Sugar there did not lead to lowering of consumer price because taxes collected along the supply line increased the prices at the retail shops by 60%, consumer groups maintained recently. The same goes to wheat and other essential goods.

But official government line of reasoning attributes maddening price hikes of basic foodstuffs to international increase in the prices of these goods. But analyst believe there is more to this than meets the eye:

For the last three years, new class of entrepreneurs with strong clientelist links with the political power-holders in the system constitute the main cause. Through complex association, they managed to control state organs and all the banking systems including government owned, private or foreign as their source to enrich themselves fast. Methods and mechanisms illicit as they are, include: The establishment of companies targeting public resources through those banks. Some 20,000 companies, according to a 2007 Auditor General’s report, were not operational at all. Other companies are either not registered or just fictitious, aimed at fleecing pubic coffers with gross impunity. Accordingly, persons close to power but without established business credentials or links with business fraternity use loopholes in the government fiscal rules and regulations to rob the banks of billions of Sudanese pounds loaned from the banks.
The much lauded poverty reduction will hardly occur by 2015, the deadline specified in the MDG.

Written by torit1955

October 12, 2008 at 7:36 am